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Thursday, January 30, 2020 | History

6 edition of An introduction to radiation protection found in the catalog.

An introduction to radiation protection

  • 324 Want to read
  • 5 Currently reading

Published by Chapman and Hall in London, New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Ionizing radiation -- Safety measures,
  • Ionizing radiation -- Toxicology,
  • Radiation Protection

  • Edition Notes

    StatementAlan Martin and Samuel A. Harbison.
    ContributionsHarbison, Samuel A.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRA569 .M37 1986
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxi, 247 p. :
    Number of Pages247
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL2709667M
    ISBN 100412278103, 0412278006
    LC Control Number86002315

    It is in our homes as part of our radios and microwave ovens, and we like all other creatures and objects on Earth experience extremely low levels every moment from our natural environment. It covers basic issues related to radiation protection, including the physical science behind radiation protection and the radiobiological basis of radiation protection. With contributions from experienced practicing physicists, this book provides essential information about dealing with radiation safety in the rapidly shifting and diverse environment of medicine. The book is organized to introduce the reader to basic principles of radiation decay and interactions, to review current knowledge and historical aspects of the biological effects of radiation, and to cover important operational topics such as radiation shielding and dosimetry. Wer den Menschen vor ionisierender Strahlung schutzen will, muss Erkenntnisse aus verschiedensten wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen berucksichtigen.

    As well as prevent unnecessary exposures. The energy of the X-rays emitted is directly proportional to the voltage applied through the tube. Since dose limits do not apply to medical exposure, optimization and justification are therefore important in patients using radiation for medical purposes. There are two ways of expressing the dose. WHO also facilitates training on the use of appropriate technologies as well as publishing and disseminating guidance tools and technical documents. They explore a range of individual uses of ionizing radiation in various branches of medicine, including radiology, nuclear medicine, external beam radiotherapy, and brachytherapy.

    There are two types of radiation: non-ionizing radiation and ionizing radiation. The dose from cosmic source of radiation could vary from one location to another, i. Ionizing radiation can cause cancer, heart and brain problems, while nonionizing radiation can cause burning of retinas, skin cancer as a result of long exposure to the sun [ 3 ]. Name at least three types of personal dosimeters. If you plan to take the test online, please be sure you have the course book, as the online testing option does not include the course book. Email Building your own homemade X-ray machine is not hard to do, but to do it safely requires that you learn the basics about radiation and radiation safety before beginning.


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An introduction to radiation protection book

Encouraging newcomers to the field to properly and efficiently function in a versatile and evolving work setting, it familiarizes them with the particular problems faced during the application of ionizing radiation in medicine. These two categories of radiation, ionizing and nonionizing, can cause damage to humans.

Not all ionizing radiation is bad though.

Introduction Radiation Protection

Numerous numerical applications are treated to illustrate the different topics. This photograph shows what two modern X-ray tubes look like. The established DRL values are reviewed periodically, and recommendations are made based on the findings.

Table 1 below shows how to convert between rems and sieverts. Hier liegen die grossen Starken des Buchs. Ionizing radiation has more energy than nonionizing radiation, that is, enough to cause chemical changes, and thereby causing damage to tissue.

In the Bremsstrahlung process, the high-velocity free electrons slow down as they interact with the target atom, especially its high proton-count nucleus. What is radiation? The first section covers ionizing radiation protection; population ex Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume Ionizing and Non-ionizing Radiation Edited by Adelaja Osibote Cape Peninsula University of Technology This book provides readers with comprehensive details on the management and measures to protect health against risks to people and environments generated by the use of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation.

You will receive your test the same day. This book provides an overview of all relevant topics in the field of radiation protection health physics.

An above average amount of radiation exposure can be responsible for increasing one's chance of developing cancer. Name at least three types of personal dosimeters.

There are two atomic ways for this to occur. Sources of natural nonionizing radiation are sunlight and thermal radiation, while man-made sources of nonionizing radiation are microwave oven, cell phones and power lines.

Buch enthalt ein besonders ausfuhrliches Stichwortverzeichnis, ein reichhaltiges Glossar, eine kurze mathematische Einfuhrung, Tabellen und viele Rechenbeispiele mit Losungen The energy of the X-rays emitted is directly proportional to the voltage applied through the tube.

The book synthesizes many years of experiments with external radiation exposure in the fields of dosimetry and radiation shielding in medical, industrial and research fields. This process and the resulting ions can cause serious damage to tissues and cells.

It causes damage through several mechanisms, including: Breaking important chemical bonds Producing free radicals: these are extremely reactive ions in the body that interrupt normal function and cause cellular and tissue damage when they react with biological pathways Creating new, harmful, chemical bonds between macromolecules that would otherwise not occur Directly damaging molecules like DNA, RNA, and proteins that are responsible for normal cellular function Depending on the amount and duration of ionizing radiation exposure, all or none of these types of damage can occur.

There are two types of radiation: non-ionizing radiation and ionizing radiation. For each chapter there is a problem section with full solutions. How dangerous is radiation, and how is it measured?

According to IAEA, the government is responsible for the establishment of DRLs and to involve health authority, the professional bodies and the regulatory body.

The effects of ionizing radiation at high-dose levels are well known, while the effects of ionizing radiation at low doses are not yet clear. A small amount over a short period of time may be harmless.

If you plan to take the test online, please be sure you have the course book, as the online testing option does not include the course book. The proper use of radiation can be of immense benefits. Tungsten is the typical target for either of these X-ray generating processes in an X-ray tube like the one shown in Figure 2 below.

The word "radiation" might make you think of disaster-filled science-fiction movies and mutant monsters, but the truth is radiation is a daily part of all of our lives. Medical use of radiation is known to be the greatest artificial source of doses to human beings at large.An Introduction to Radiation Protection.

Authors: Martin, Alan D., Harbison, Samuel A. Free Preview. Buy this book eBook 71,68 Services for this Book. Download Product Flyer Download High-Resolution Cover. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Google++. Recommended for you. Bibliographic Information.

National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements Report No. () focused on the biological effects of ionizing radiation such as cancer, cardiovascular disease and cataracts, while its Report No.

An Introduction to Radiation Protection in Medicine

focused on the management of exposure to ionizing radiation and expressed radiation protection principles as justification Author: Otolorin Adelaja Osibote. An Introduction to Radiation Protection is a highly readable account of the nature of the hazards presented by ionizing radiation and the methods of protection for those new to the field and for the non-specialist.

The sixth edition of this established text takes readers through the general background of the subject, the technical principles underlying the control of radiation hazards Author: Alan Martin.

An Introduction to Radiation Protection is a highly readable account of the nature of the hazards presented by ionizing radiation and the methods of protection for those new to the field and for the non-specialist. The sixth edition of this established text takes readers through the general background of the subject, the technical principles underlying the control of radiation hazards.

May 17,  · "An Introduction to Radiation Protection aims to provide the reader with a useful reference tool for all areas of radiation protection, from introductory concepts including standard units and basic nuclear physics to the more specific techniques for selecting instrumentation and practical safety measures.

features useful diagrams, which are 2/5(1). Course Objectives • Understand the basic physics of the electromagnetic and particulate forms of ionizing radiation.

• Understand the distinctions between the units of radiation quantity, exposure and dose. • Be familiar with some of the methods used to measure radiation dose.

An Introduction to Radiation & Radiation Safety